Ceramic tile is made from clay that has been molded and then heated under extreme pressure. There are two main types:
Porcelain tile is a ceramic material that contains up to 50% feldspar crystal, which, when heated under extreme pressure, becomes a glasslike material with incredible hardness and durability
Non-porcelain ceramic tile is the traditional variety made from any combination of minerals that include white, red and brown clay.
Ceramic tile of either type can also come in glazed or unglazed varieties. Glaze is a glass-like surface coating that can be any color or pattern. This opens up a world of design possibilities, while adding extra stain, scratch and moisture resistance to the tile.
Ceramic tiles are made from clay that is heated to very high temperatures in a kiln. This process of “firing” the clay hardens it, creating a material that is useful for all kinds of applications.
A versatile design option that works well in many different rooms of the home, tile is especially common in kitchens and bathrooms, both on floors and walls, as well as in outdoor spaces.